The unimpeded equitable participation in the pursuit of happiness is a quintessential tenet of the “American Dream”. In the absence of egalitarianism, and given limited resources, competition becomes a means of advancement in the game. Unfortunately the competition has not always been fair for all; some have to face various deliberate and unintentional obstacles. Resources are required to get in the game, and these resources must be earned or inherited. To earn resources requires access to opportunities. For most people participation in the workforce is the only way to earn resources. Therefore, in this game, the only consequential currency is equitable workforce participation. The impediments that were once legal have become part of the culture that continues to hinder the pursuit of happiness.
President John F. Kennedy stated in 1963: “Simple justice requires that public funds, to which all taxpayers of all races [colors, and national origins] contribute, not be spent in any fashion which encourages, entrenches, subsidizes or results in racial [color or national origin] discrimination.” A year later, The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was enacted of which Title VI of the act prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, or national origin in programs and activities receiving federal financial assistance.